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Buzau (Bodzavásár Hungarian, German Busäu) is a city, the capital and largest city of Buzau County, in the historical region of Wallachia, Romania. With 115,494 inhabitants according to the census of 2011, is the eighteenth most populous city in Romania. The town lies on the right bank of the Buzău River, opposite its output of curvature Carpathian hills, in a temperate region.
Buzau, whose name is attested in 376 AD, was an important episcopal fair and Orthodox in the Middle Ages. The main economic activities in the city in medieval times were trade and agriculture. After a period of successive destruction XVII XVIII centuries, the economy has become an important Buzau industrial component in parallel with the development of an education system. During this period it was built and the Communal Palace, the flagship building of the city, was arranged Crang park, main green area and all then, Buzău became an important railway junction. During the communist period, the city has expanded greatly, tripling and population, and numerous factories were built, much of which still functions in the context of transition to a market economy.
In the cultural field, in Buzau not functioning universities, but distance learning centers of higher education institutions from universities in the region. Higher education is represented by two national colleges - "B. P. Haşdeu "(where he studied George Emil Palade, Nobel Laureate) and" Mihai Eminescu ". The town has county library "Vasile Voiculescu" Buzău County Museum administering and collection of amber corner, Vasile Voiculescu Memorial House of Pârscov and a collection of ethnographic and folklore specific region.
Buzau | Buzau is located in the center of the county, 120 km from Bucharest, in southeastern Romania, and occupies a total area of 81.3 km2.
The municipality lies in the Carpathians bend curvature at the junction of roads between the three Romanian provinces: Wallachia, Transylvania and Moldavia
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