About Suceava - presentation, information, photos and recommendations
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Suceava is located in the north-east of Romania and is built on two geographical areas: the hills and river valleys of Suceava.
The relief of the city and surrounding area is very varied with a fragmented form of plateaus and hills (Zamca, 385 m, Vine, 376 m; Monastery, 375 m; Ţarinca, 435 m) separated by river valleys Suceava, Scheia, Fair River, Bogdana and Mill Creek.
The main relief units in the city and surrounding area, the Quaternary age can be classified into three main groups:
- Highlands, represented by Hill Zamca and Hill City, the hills only meet in the south-east of the city;
- Delluvial slopes (about 25% of the surface), assets arising from the dynamics of geomorphological processes (landslides, erosion and linear areola) are found mainly in the upper basin of the River Valley Fair, on the west and south slopes and east of the hill Zamca on the right side of Suceava;
- Alluvial plains, which are shaped in the form of steps, interlocked in nature.
The city of Suceava and its surroundings were inhabited, as archaeological evidence, from ancient times, starting from the Paleolithic. In centuries II-III exists here a settlement of free Dacians, archaeological finds and revealing strong Roman influences.
In the migration era and following centuries the native population continued to live on these lands, and in century XIV, 1388, Suceava is referred to as the capital of Moldova.
Near the city there were two cities, one of the oldest Scheia other newest, what is seen today. Between the two the city has grown since the first part of century XIV. Scheia City, one of the oldest cities in Moldova, but short-lived, was demolished during the reign of Alexandru cel Bun. Fortress of Suceava had for three centuries an important role in the political life of Moldavia.
Age heyday of the city would be the time of Stephen the Great (1457-1504). In summer 1476, ambitious Muhammad has tried his luck in the walls, but the obstinate resistance of Moldavians broke and compelled to retreat ignominiously. Stefan made of the Suceava his brain of his defensive system. In 1497, 21 days and nights in a row, beating the walls liquor guns, but they remained steadfast. Never did the city was conquered by force of arms.
In 1775, following the attitude of neutrality which it had during the military conflict between Turkey and Russia (1768-1774), Austria received a part of the territory of Moldavia in which it was Suceava (the border with Romania crossed to the south-east of town). For a century and a half this land was part of the Habsburg Empire, receiving the name of Bukovina. Suceava was the second city after Czernowitz, capital of Bukovina.
Suceava | Suceava is located in the north-east of Romania and is built on two geographical areas: the hills and river valleys of Suceava.
The relief of the city and surrounding area is very varied with a fragmented form of plateaus and hills (Zamca, 385 m, Vine, 376 m; Monastery, 375 m; Ţarinca, 435 m) separated by river valleys Suceava, Scheia, Fair River, Bogdana and Mill Creek
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