About Craiova - presentation, information, photos and recommendations
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Is located in the southern city of Craiova, Romania, on the left bank of the Jiu, the left the hilly region at an altitude between 75 and 116 m. Craiova is part of the Romanian Plain, the Plain of Oltenia to say that lies between the Danube River and the Piedmont Plateau, is crossed by means of the Jiu Valley. The city is situated approximately in the center of Oltenia, at a distance of 227 km from Bucharest and 68 km from the Danube. City is very irregular shape, especially to the west and north, and within the city, unlike its edge, is very compact. For its population, the city area is small.
The climate is temperate continental specific field, with Mediterranean influences, due to the position they occupy depressions in south-western district of the country. Mean temperatures range from 10 to 11.5 ° and rainfall is lower than in the rest of the country.
Relief is identified with the relief of Craiova Dolj, that plain. Towards the north there is a slight influence of the hills, while the south tends to meadow.
Craiova has a population of 298,643 inhabitants, making it the 6th largest city in Romania, while Craiova metropolitan area includes around 335 000 inhabitants.
Origin of current name of the city is the subject of much controversy and floats in the legend, the only thing that can be said with certainty is that the name comes from slavonescul "Kralj (king, emperor).
Craiova Aaşezarea first appears in the inscription on the tomb of Vladislav I, then on 1 June 1475, a decree of the Lord as the Pelendava Laiota Basarab.
Outside the ancient name, current name and Pelendava (Craiova), the area has held since VII-VIII centuries Ponsiona Latin name (Bridge over Jiu) name that is on an inscription found on a fragment of the stars near the camp Pelendava dated Century seventh.
A number of historians, headed by Nicolae Iorga, Bogdan Alexandru D. Petriceicu Xenopol Haşdeu and considered the Craiova's territory was the scene during the battle of Rovine Mircea the Old.
In the late fifteenth century Craiova was a fair, flat on the estate and Basarab Craiovescu powerful landowners. After the first half of the sixteenth century, Craiova city is often called, is the most important place of trade in the area.
Formed in the last decades of the fifteenth century, Great Money Craiova became in a relatively short time the two most important political institution in the country, where reign.
During Michael the Brave, Craiova had a strong flowering contemporary sources showing the city as an important political and military. Craiova was the Middle Ages and a center with an important military and strategic role, instead of being a military grouping or regrouping and trigger actions Ottoman center.
In 1770 - 1771 is moved to the Romanian capital of Craiova.
During the tsarist occupation (1828 - 1834), Craiova known significant economic growth. There in 1832 a total of 595 stores, of which "197 and 398 wooden wall." The city remains the commercial center of Oltenia, Austria and Turkey exports cereals, hides, beeswax, animal fat, and cervis. Craiova was founded in 1846 to share the first Romanian company to transport grain by ship on the Danube at Braila.
In the late nineteenth century, Craiova - with over 40,000 inhabitants - was a city that was small factories and workshops of chemicals, agricultural machinery, graphic arts, tanneries, textiles, building materials etc..
In 1913 Titu during the government signed a peace treaty ending the Balkan war, known in history as the Treaty of Peace in Craiova.
In neutral years (1914-1916), Craiova became a powerful military headquarters here as the "Army." In August 1916, upon entry into the war, I had a flock of 134,400 people.
In 1940 Craiova becomes instead "conference Romanian-Bulgarian, Romanian-Bulgarian after talks in Craiova, a treaty was signed on September 7, 1940, under which the south of Dobrudja (the Quadrilateral) went to Bulgaria.
Since the 60s the city became a powerful industrial center, is developing the building industry machinery, aircraft, chemicals, food, light, building materials, electrical industry, mining, energy industry. Among them we can mention Electroputere, factory aircraft, the vehicle or combination of Isalnita.
Today, Craiova is an important economic and academic and cultural.
Craiova | Is located in the southern city of Craiova, Romania, on the left bank of the Jiu, the left the hilly region at an altitude between 75 and 116 m. Craiova is part of the Romanian Plain, the Plain of Oltenia to say that lies between the Danube River and the
Piedmont Plateau, is crossed by means of the Jiu Valley
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