About Hunedoara - presentation, information, photos and recommendations
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Located in the central county of the same name, Cerna Valley, Hunedoara county, is 19 km from Deva. The administrative territory covered city and neighboring villages Racastie Zlasti, Bos, Gros, and Pestisu Hasdat Great.
It crossed the county road DJ 687 Santuhalm - Hunedoara county road which connects with the European road in July, and county roads that connect Hunedoara, Calan, Hunedoara and Hateg respectively.
Relief is represented by hills and piedmont aprons, with altitudes of 300 400 m, plus the Cerna Valley wide meadows and trails well expressed.
Attested to 1265 under the name Hungnod as papal tithe register, Hunedoara will see an impetuous development and will play an important role in Romanian history. The age of this settlement that was born in the foothills at the confluence of the Cerna and Sanpetru Zlasti is much deeper in the mists of time than documentary attestation. Archaeologists have discovered both in the precincts of the town and surrounding villages where their vigor, traces of habitation dating from the Stone Age. Hill also Sanpetrului standeth in a full sequence material traces of the Bronze Age and Iron Age. Were found on the terraces around the castle a warehouse more than a ton of great iron and a magnifying glass metal workshop consisting of eight kilns time Geto-Dacians.
In the current housing area of Hunedoara hoards were discovered in the Dacians, known as type-Hunedoara, Roman coins and republican and imperial type comprising a period of time (183 BC-third century . AD), which proves not only strong and economic contacts between the two civilizations, one of the "eternal city Rome and other ancient immortals leaven of Daco-getics.
After the conquest of Dacia by the Roman Empire, the Roman world Hunedoara warned by his riches, especially iron. This is illustrated by the traces found at Teliuc, a "villa rustica" Sanpetru hill was a Roman fort in which to install a guard post of the Legion XIII Gemina. Traces were also found near the castle and near the train station. Also there are vestiges of that era Cincis In villages, where there was a vicus pestis Mare (Romanian village), handle, Nandru, etc. Ghelari.
In 1409, on 18 October, the Hungarian king Sigismund ennobles the giver and the special military actions in Cincis prince Voicu, son of Serbia. The same document mentions and other family members as ruler of the fortress and royal domain of Hunedoara. It is Mogos and Radu Iancu brothers ... and the son of Voicu. Since then, the city of Hunedoara know of a new stage of its development. Iancu has arranged for city living, the Knights Hall and Hall built in the Gothic style decorated exterior of this hall nologies. Also the wing and the tower was built "we boisa (not afraid), a potential place of refuge in case of danger.
After Hunyadi's death on 11 August 1456 in Zemun, near Belgrade, in Hungary struggles for the throne instead of the hero's successors are involved in Hunedoara, giving priority to the fight his son Iancu, Matthias Corvinus, who becomes king of medieval Hungary. At this time, his wife Iancu, Elizabeth and their son Matthew will continue the modernization works; In the wing Matthew fresco is painted mural of Romanian origin suggests Iancu. November marks the seventeenth century the castle works related in large part on behalf of Prince Gabriel Bethlen. Bethlen wing is built (1622) as evidenced by an inscription found on the frame and a window.
During Corvin Hunedoara is fair (= opidum) of iron metal that padurenii exploit it for other products, with the value of the currency. The economic advantage in this age range and the city of Hunedoara will continue in the next centuries. The city will reach a state prosperous seventeenth century, its inhabitants were exempted from taxes to the government. They enjoyed the privilege since the time of King Matthias, who in 1480 Hunedoara exempt from payment of any render, which is preserved reliefs in the next centuries. As a result increase the number of inhabitants varies from 784 in 1512 and 896 in the seventeenth century.
After the death of Matthias Corvinus, Hunedoara enter mastering his son John, who goes as a youth. His wife Beatrice Frangepan will marry with Georg of Hohenzollern, Marquis of Brandenburg in 1509. Georg of Brandenburg will not set in Hunedoara. He will appoint a castle with a right of representation, George Stolcz.
Peasant uprising broke out in 1514 that was led by Gheorghe Doja. On this occasion, many peasants in the area have been closed in the city of Hunedoara as a punishment. With the support of the nobility, John Zapolya will put down the uprising.
End of the century. Eighteenth and nineteenth and twentieth centuries, marks the new issues related to race consciousness, spirituality. Here he developed a genuine Romanian spirituality. In many Orthodox churches and monasteries like those of Cerna, flasks, Prislop Cincis, Nadastie, handle, and others were Zlasti school teachers, many Romanians Muscovite Principality acting as priests and scholars. Unfortunately I do not know the exact age of these local light.
After World War II, according to the time of conception, hunedoareană industry has experienced unprecedented development. On the eve of the revolution of 1989 in Hunedoara, producing over 3 million tons of steel, over 2 million tons of metallurgical coke, footwear, knitwear etc. This development has attracted labor. The city's population reached a maximum of 89,000 inhabitants. Following developed living space, and they draw up new places of education, health or culture.
Hunedoara | Located in the central county of the same name, Cerna Valley, Hunedoara county, is 19 km from Deva. The administrative territory covered city and neighboring villages Racastie Zlasti, Bos, Gros, and Pestisu Hasdat Great
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