The town was first attested in 1329 in an act of the chancery of King Charles and was developed as a center for gold in the 14-15 centuries. In 1446 the city became Hunyadi his family. In 1469, under the leadership of the Hungarian King Matthias Corvinus
(son of Iancu de Hunedoara) is fortified city.
Baia Mare is located in the western county of Maramures, Săsar River. With the built-up area of 234.7 km2, includes administration and rural municipality Blidari, Firiza Valea Black Valley.
Because the city's position at the foot of the Eastern Carpathians, around town there are several hills and mountains, the Flower Hill (367 m), Morgue Hill (633 m) Cross Hill (501 m), Ignis (1307 m), Mogoşa (1246 m), gout (1443 m), Cocosului Ridge (1450 m)
Falcon Stone (839 m), Pleştioara (803 m), Bulat Hill (683 m) etc.